Same-sex marriage is legal in Mexico Cityhaving been approved by its Legislative Assembly on 21 Decemberand signed into law by Head of Government Marcelo Ebrard on 29 December Civil unionsknown as sociedades de convivencia which offer some of the rights of marriagehave been legal in the city since March Being the seat of the Powers of the UnionMexico City did not belong to any particular state but to all.
Since the Netherlands became the first country to allow same-sex marriage 12 years ago, many countries have followed suit. France is the latest and supporters of gay marriage hope it will soon clear the final legal hurdles in Britain. But where in the world can same-sex couples already get married?
For many years, same-sex marriage has been a hot topic of endless debate. Supporters of same-sex marriage say that a relationship and subsequent marriage between two people of the same sex is natural and normal. These supporters believe that a person does not choose to be gay and is instead born this way.
In Mexicoonly civil marriages are recognized by law, and all its proceedings fall under state legislation. Legislation to change the laws covering same-sex marriage is currently proposed in almost every other state. In addition, courts in all states must approve marriage licenses for same-sex couples when petitioned to do so; individual same-sex marriages have occurred in every state. From tothey were also performed in the state of Colima, but were replaced by same-sex marriage legislation.
Mexico is a large and diverse country, with stark contrasts between bustling modern cities and quiet rural villages that have changed little in half a century. That complexity is reflected in the often contradictory conditions faced by Mexican homosexuals. Politically, this is a time of unprecedented gains.
Paulon and his partner were married three years after the law was passed—turning a national political achievement into a personal milestone they were able to celebrate with their friends and family. Sincemore than 15, same-sex couples have been married in Argentina, the tenth country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage. Indeed, the focus on the US gay rights movement has overshadowed other countries where important gains have been won.
A civil union also known as a civil partnership is a legally recognized arrangement similar to marriagecreated primarily as a means to provide recognition in law for same-sex couples. Civil unions grant most or all of the rights of marriage except the title itself. Around the world, developed democracies began establishing civil unions in the late s, often developing them from less formal domestic partnershipswhich grant only some of the rights of marriage.
June is Pride Month in many parts of the world, commemorating the Stonewall uprising of Junewhen lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender LGBT people in New York stood up against police brutality and injustice and demanded fair treatment. Throughout Pride Month, LGBT people and their allies celebrate their accomplishments achieved since Stonewall, but they also advocate for what needs to be done in order to secure full equal rights and non-discrimination in their own countries and in solidarity with LGBT people elsewhere, in situations where anti-LGBT discrimination and violence are rampant. In celebration of Pride Month, Human Rights Watch has updated our marriage equality map, which provides an overview of countries with marriage equality, civil unions or registered partnership; links to the relevant legislation; and, where possible, a brief explanation of the path — legislative, judicial, or other — that these countries took to achieve marriage equality or to provide for same-sex civil unions or registered partnership. Inthe Netherlands became the first country to open civil marriage to same-sex couples.
A Mexican court ruled on October 19 that the federal government must grant a marriage license to a same-sex couple living in the United States. Couples living abroad must request a marriage license from their consulate. This straightforward administrative procedure takes less than a week for most different-sex couples.
A growing number of governments around the world are considering whether to grant legal recognition to same-sex marriages. So far, more than two dozen countries have enacted national laws allowing gays and lesbians to marry, mostly in Europe and the Americas. In Mexico, some jurisdictions allow same-sex couples to wed, while others do not. Below is a list of countries that have legalized the practice, with the most recent countries to do so shown first.