Bend your knees and place your feet wide apart. Different styles of speculums work slightly differently, but all have two bills and a handle. Use the lever to open the bills until the lock clicks.
A vaginal speculum is a device, usually made of metal, which your gynecologist utilizes to open your vaginal walls. This use of the vaginal speculum allows your gynecologist a visual inspection of your vagina and cervix, as well as a way to collect the cervical cells necessary for a Pap smear test. A Pap smear is a test conducted in order to screen for cervical cancer.
Put lubricating gel, not water, on the speculum every time you do a pelvic exam. Hill DA, Lamvu G. Effect of lubricating gel on patient comfort during vaginal speculum examination.
Study record managers: refer to the Data Element Definitions if submitting registration or results information. This new invention addresses the inadequate and incomplete visualization of the cervix in patients with excessive vaginal tissue. In general these patients are obese, or are multiparous with a history of multiple vaginal deliveries.
A speculum Latin for "mirror"; plural specula or speculums is a medical tool for investigating body orificeswith a form dependent on the orifice for which it is designed. In old texts, the speculum may also be referred to as a diopter or dioptra. Vaginal and anal specula were used by the ancient Greeks and Romans and speculum artifacts have been found in Pompeii.
A vaginal speculum is a tool that doctors use during pelvic exams. Your doctor inserts the speculum into your vagina and gently opens it during your exam. Speculums come in different sizes.
The ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix and vagina vaginal canal make up the female reproductive system. During a pelvic exam, a doctor evaluates your reproductive organs. You might have a pelvic exam as part of your regular checkup.
A pelvic exam is a way for doctors to look for signs of illness in organs in a woman's body. The word "pelvic" refers to the pelvis. The exam is used to look at a woman's:.
While there is a large body of evidence on the effectiveness of Pap smears for cervical cancer screening and on screening for cervical gonorrhea and Chlamydia, there is sparse evidence to support other portions of the pelvic examination and little guidance on examination logistics. Maximizing comfort should be the goal; lubrication use and careful speculum selection and insertion can ease this intrusive procedure. This is particularly important in adolescent and menopausal women, sexual minorities, obese women, women with disabilities, and women with a history of trauma or prior instrumentation affecting the genitalia.
At some point all women will need to receive routine pelvic exams in order to check their vaginal and reproductive health. This exam allows your gynecologist to be able to examine the vagina, cervix, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and uterus to look for early warning signs of infection or other problems. Unless otherwise recommended by a physician, most women will undergo their first pelvic exam at the age of After which, this simple exam should become a regular part of your well-woman care.