Although most infections become chronic, and it may lead to chronic liver disease, most patients with HCV infection are asymptomatic. The predominant modes of transmission are by blood, blood products, or other parenteral exposure, particularly injecting drug use. More contentious is the role of sexual transmission, although evidence for this was provided by studies of NANBH.
The disease can be passed from person to person. As with many infections, HCV lives in blood and bodily fluids. It can also be transmitted by contact with bodily fluids including saliva or semen of an infected person, but this is rare.
It is the most common chronic bloodborne infection in the United States. Some of those infected with hepatitis C are able to clear the virus from their blood within about 6 months from the time of infection. Chronic infection can lead to serious liver problems, including cirrhosis scarring of the liver or liver cancer.
The risk of sexually transmitting hepatitis C depends on the type of sex you are having. Because hepatitis C is thought to be transmitted via blood-to-blood contact, only sexual activities that increase the potential for exposure to blood are considered risky. The risk of sexual transmission of hepatitis C is widely considered to be extremely low in heterosexual relationships. A study looked at monogamous heterosexual people whose partner was chronically infected with HCV.
Transmission of hepatitis A virus can occur from any sexual activity with an infected person and is not limited to fecal-oral contact. Measures typically used to prevent the transmission of other STDs e. Vaccination is the most effective means of preventing Hepatitis A transmission among persons at risk for infection.
We respect your privacy. Hepatitis C is spread through blood-to-blood contact. Though certain sexual behaviors may increase the risk of hepatitis C, the virus is not typically sexually transmitted.
Did you know that there are about 3. Below is a summary of the no-nonsense, practical info she gave our guys about what hep C is, how people get it and how to treat it. I was taught in medical school—during the 70s and 80s—that hep C is not sexually transmitted.
Hepatitis B is an infection caused by the hepatitis B virus. Hepatitis C is an infection caused by the hepatitis C virus. Both diseases are contagious and can lead to serious, long-term illness. Acute infection is a short-term illness that happens in the first 6 months after a person is infected with the hepatitis B virus or the hepatitis C virus.
Recent estimates find that aboutpeople in the UK are living with hepatitis C. Overall, about one-third of people with HIV also have hepatitis C, known as co-infection. The majority of people living with hepatitis C do not know they have it.